What is Precarious Employment?
Precarious Employment: definition, causes, and effects – Temporary work
What is a precarious job?
Precarious employment: what are the causes?
What are the consequences of job insecurity?
Unemployment is not the only scourge affecting the world of work; job insecurity is just as much. Thus, for the year 2022, while 0% of employees were hired under a permanent employment contract, nearly 10% were under a fixed-term employment contract, 2.4% on a temporary basis, and 1.6% in apprenticeship (according to the latest data).
Even more worrying, 87% of new hires were on fixed contracts. Precarious employment creates uncertainty about the future and insecurity.
What is a Precarious Employment?
Under the term “precarious employment”, we find employment contracts that are not indefinite duration and whose duration is limited or undefined (i.e., the employee does not know exactly when his contract ends). These include temporary contracts, fixed-term contracts, and subsidized contracts.
We can also consider “precarious jobs,” jobs that do not generate enough remuneration to be able to live in a decent way. This is particularly the case for part-time jobs suffered. Involuntary part-time workers often benefit from a contract of indefinite duration, but the remuneration paid in return for their work is insufficient; they then fall into precariousness.
Please note that the employee can choose part-time work (for family reasons, part-time parental leave, etc.). It is obvious that these part-times correspond differently from the definition of a precarious job.
The population subject to precarious work mainly comprises employees with low qualifications, immigrant employees, foreigners, young people, and women.
Good to know: precariousness does not only affect employees in the private sector. Indeed, the public sector is also strongly influenced by the development of precarious jobs, in particular with the development of contract workers. This development is an attack on the status of civil servants.
Precarious Employment: What are the Causes?
Job insecurity has developed in response to the economic crisis.
Offering precarious jobs then became an economic strategy for employers. The employer can thus adapt quickly to changing circumstances, new habits and be more competitive. Using fixed-term contracts, temporary and part-time workers makes it possible to add or reduce the number of employees as soon as necessary. The goal is to be able to bypass the constraints linked to the dismissal of an employee on a permanent contract.
The employee must cost as little as possible, not only when working but also when the employer no longer wishes to use his skills.
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