12 Global Warming Statistics & Worldwide Efforts to Resolve Environmental Issues
Global warming describes an increase in average air temperature within the last two centuries near the Earth’s surface. We notice that climate has changed on an average basis from geological time. Different weather phenomena like storms, precipitation, and Temperature are on the increase. So scientists can find out the influences of these phenomena on climate. Unfortunately, human activities after the industrial revolution have caused ruthless Climate change.
Basic Grounds of Global Warming
The causes of global warming are man-made. Human beings need oxygen, and plants are the basic source of it. Plants have a definite system to release oxygen and absorb carbon dioxide that is not good for the environment. To fulfill commercial and domestic needs, man has cut down the forests. The result arises in the form of an imbalance in the environment and an increase in global warming.
2- Vehicles’ Use
These days, vehicles are in use to cover short and long-distance. Vehicles discharge dangerous gases, smoke, and toxins. Excessive use of vehicles is warming the climate.
Refrigerators and air conditioners are inevitable to preserve food and maintain indoor Temperature. These appliances increase CFC in the atmosphere and diminish the beneficial ozone layer. Consequently, ultraviolet rays have given way to reach the surface and boost the Temperature.
Methane gas and CO2 come out due to farming activities. These increase the intensity of greenhouse gases and thus the overall Temperature of this planet.
5- Industrial Progress
The Temperature has been rising severely since the initiation of industrialization. Factories are adding destructive gases and becoming the source of environmental issues.
A high number of inhabitants of Earth mean more and more people are there to exhale carbon dioxide. It is one of the severe causes of global warming.
Consequences of Global Warming
1- Increased Temperature
If you understand what global warming is, then you must know the consequences of climate change. First of all, it leads to an improbable rise in Temperature. It is perilous that the Temperature has risen one degree within the last 30 years. The outcome is noticed in the form of glacier melting. Sea level rise is another upshot of global warming.
2- Ecosystem Vulnerability
Effects of global warming are also noticed on coral reefs. The tenderness of coral reefs has become worst due to climate changes. It can also threaten animals and other plants as well.
3- Uncertain Climate
Observable climate changes are noticed in climate. Flood has negatively influenced some places, whereas drought has worsened the conditions in other areas.
4- Diseases are Common
Humidity and heat patterns are adversely changed; therefore, mosquitoes are moving and spreading more diseases.
5- Increase in Mortality Ratio
Natural calamities, tsunamis, and floods are more significant than before; thus, the overall death ratio is also increased.
6- Natural Habitat is Spoiled
Effects of climate change are visible if we observe the natural habitat of animals and plants. Most habitats disappeared; therefore, the animals are either migrating or becoming extinct.
Basic Global Warming Statistics
The climate is calculated by checking the average weather of a region for a period of 30 years. You can determine climate through features such as humidity, snow or rain, Temperature, seasons, and wind. The metrics or parameters for measuring Temperature in a region or overall Earth are as follows:
- Minimum & Maximum temperature
- Speed of wind
- Relative humidity
- Hours of sunshine
- Atmospheric pressure
- Sea Level
Advanced technologies and Earth compassing satellites have given the opportunity to scientists to understand the climate of the Earth through observing changes for many years.
During the 19th Century, the nature of CO2, as well as other gases, was verified. These are capable of trapping heat and playing a role in shifting infrared energy in the atmosphere and increasing the ratio of greenhouse gases to cause global warming. Sedimentary rocks’ layers, coral reefs, ocean sediments, and tree rings prove that the Earth is warming 10 times quicker than the average rate. Even the increase of CO2 is 250 times more than last Ice Age.
It is measured that the Temperature of the surface was almost 0.8 C warmer in 2020 than 20th Century. Within the past few years, the Temperature has been marked hottest. The anomaly in global Temperature has definitely caused a rise in sea level, droughts, floods, and other catastrophes.
Details about Global Warming
- In 2020, the emission of CO2 was 34.18 bn mt.
- China is the largest CO2 emission county, whereas the US emits 5,130 MT (CO2) through energy consumption.
- A report issued that US will emit 12.4MT CO2 per capita in 2050.
- The utmost extent in Arctic sea ice is 14.7 mn km2
- Anomalies in the Temperature of ocean surface & global land cause 0.98C rise in Temperature.
- In July 2021, US average temperature was as 75.47 F.
- 48% of Americans have observed warmer Temperatures.
- Sea Ice extent is 11.77 m km2 in Northern Hemisphere.
- The world invested 3017 bn $ in clean energy.
- 89% worldwide companies have taken the initiative to reduce CO2 emission
- Denmark has gained the highest achievements in climate protection.
- In 2019, the emission of CO2 was approximately 36.44 billion metric tons. COVID-19 played an important role in reducing carbon dioxide gas emissions in 2020. To overcome CO2 production, different countries have issued tradable green certificates. Moreover, an increase in carbon price has compelled corporations to find out sustainable ways of production. Renewable sources of energy are amplified to reduce the emission of deadly gases.
NASA’s scientists have issued an analysis that Global Temperature has risen almost two Fahrenheit. A big group of people thinks that it is not alarming if the Temperature is warming just one degree. Cyclical events like summer & winter and day and night bring significant fluctuation in regional Temperature; however, the global Temperature is recorded by checking the amount of energy the planet is receiving and transferring back to space. The energy transfer from Earth depends on the quantity of greenhouse heat-trapping gases.
If we check the last 2000 years, it is clear that the surface of the Earth is getting hot and hot. From 1951 to 1980, there was an average change in the Temperature. Since 2000, 19 hottest worldwide years have been recorded. 2016 and 2020 are recorded as the hottest years since 1880.
Environmental Challenges | Global Warming
Environmental challenges describe the current crises in the environment that are liable to cause harmful impacts on humans or the environment. Some of the serious environmental challenges are as follows:
Destruction of Soil
Due to the effect of climate change, loss of biodiversity, salinization, erosion, and carbon storage ratios have disturbed the precipitation pattern. Quick melting of snow, rise in Temperature, increased droughts, more river discharges, and soil degradation are expected. It is also a challenge to overcome the saline soil in coastal areas.
Ecosystem and species are indirectly and directly influenced due to changes in the climate. Some indirect effects on the ecosystem are Habitat dissolution, pollution of air, invasive species, soil and water pollution, and overexploitation.
Scarcity of Water
In Europe, effects of climate change are observed through less rainfall patterns, severe storms, and water shortage in south-eastern and southern Europe. Even the content is at risk of flooding.
Water temperature helps find the average health of the ecosystem of oceans and aquatic organisms. Due to global warming, the Temperature of water (lakes and rivers) is enhancing.
Change in the Temperature of sea surface and variation in the pattern of wind, biological and physical changes come in the oceans. The rise in sea temperature will lead alien species to spread and survive in the areas where they could not go in the past. The acidification of oceans will influence carbonate-producing organisms.
In order to cope with environmental challenges, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (unfccc) has received worldwide membership. 197 countries signed as a member of UNFCCC. They work to reduce or stop harmful human interference leading to environmental issues.
- The main reason of the convention is to maintain the concentration of greenhouse gases.
- Industrial countries must reduce the emission of CO2.
- Members of this convention are agreed to support the developing countries’ activities relevant to climate change.
Climate Change | Global Warming
Climate change illustrates the long-term changes in weather and temperature patterns. Natural changes are not irreversible; however, changes due to human activities require serious actions to take. The burning of fossil fuels in high amounts produces dangerous greenhouse gases such as methane and carbon dioxide. While driving vehicles, gasoline is in use that produces these gases. Similarly, when anyone uses coal for warming purposes, methane and CO2 gases emit. Destruction of forests is another reason for an increase in CO2. Garbage landfills are adding methane gas to the environment.
Climate changes are highly intensive, and these have compelled the young generation to come forward and play a constructive role. So, environmental campaigner Greta Thunberg prefers to take a vegan diet. She has obliged her parents to stop using products that are not good for the environment. She stood in front of the parliament (Swedish) and protested through a sign showing “School Strike for Climate”.
Basically, cops 26 is the Convention of Parties covering countries such as EU, Democratic Republic of Congo, Australia, Colombia, Canada and Argentina, France, Scotland, US, Switzerland, South Korea, Sweden, Italy, Israel, Ghana, India, and Nigeria.
The key objective of cop26 is to make it possible to get net-zero emissions within the next 30 years. Countries will get a framework from cops26 members and will work accordingly to reduce global Temperature. Greta Thunberg joined the convention and stated it was a failure because the world does not need objectives for 2050. In fact, we need actions to take now and in upcoming years.
Environmental Problems | Global Warming
Several problems are worsening our environment. Thus, it is important to make people aware of their actions and side effects. Some of the key problems are as follows:
- Over Population
- Ocean Acidification
- Global Warming
- Waste Disposal
- Depletion of Ozone Layer
- Biodiversity Loss
- Public Health Problems
- Acid Rain
The Atlantic Ocean has a vital currents system responsible for maintaining Northern Hemisphere temperature. On the other side, Gulf Stream is the chief element that supports the Atlantic Ocean to keep the energy balance. It works like a conveyor belt to receive warm water from the tropics and shares it to North Atlantic. As a result, the saltier and colder water goes under deep water and flows towards the South.
Regrettably, Gulf Stream collapse climate change is reported. Researchers claim that the collapse will cause due to change from strong to weak circulation. Scientists have warned the world about inadequate circulation. Ice sheets are melting, and heavy rains are causing the North Atlantic Ocean water to be less saline, making it lighter and less capable of sinking. In case, the water gets too light, it will disturb the overall circulation. The collapse of weather patterns will cause unexpected changes like rapid Sea level rise, disruption of the tropical monsoon system, and severe cold in Western Europe.
Climate Change Statistics | Global Warming
- Rainfall, weather volatility, sea-level rise and change in Temperature are the basis to measure climate change.
- The effect of climate change has influenced above 100 million people and they will reach the extreme poverty ratio till 2030.
- Rise in two to three degrees will cause 5% more people at peril of malaria worldwide.
- Due to climate change, mosquito diseases are increasing 3 to 6%.
- By the year 2030, climate change will increase more than 10% diarrhea disease in South-East Asia.
- If global Temperature raises 1C then there will be a 10% reduction in rice production and 6% reduction in the worldwide production of wheat.
- Climate change facts confirm that weather disaster has covered water insecurity, mental health problems, injuries and limited healthcare access. Due to weather disasters, more than 60,000 deaths occured in developing countries.
- Air pollution is another climate factor that has raised worldwide death. Just because of pollution, 7 million elderly people and children have died.
Important Measurement Units | Global Warming
Greenhouse gas emissions and global warming are one of the main factors behind climate change. These factors, you can measure by taking into account the temperature, precipitation, biomass, sea level, and other factors in consideration. For different areas, different factors have more importance. There has been a huge difference in carbon gas emission and global warming since the preindustrial era and our climate has become worse. These changes are now being measured (mainly from the last two decades) in terms of g/bhp-hr, g/kWh, and many other units depending on the measuring parameter considered. So, global warming can be dealt with on a combined level to yield higher output.
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