Love to Know Prime Minister of Pakistan Since independence 1947- 2023
Pakistan got independence from British rule on August 14, 1947. Since then, it has had several Prime Ministers. Here is a brief overview of Pakistan’s Prime Ministers history since independence.
Liaquat Ali Khan (1947-1951) | 1st Prime Minister of Pakistan
Liaquat Ali Khan was Pakistan’s first Prime Minister and served from August 15, 1947, until his assassination on October 16, 1951. He was a close colleague of Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Pakistan’s founding father, and played a crucial role in the early years of the newly created state. His tenure was marked by efforts to stabilize the newly formed country, address administrative challenges, and build diplomatic relations with other nations.
Khawaja Nazimuddin (1951-1953)
Khwaja Nazimuddin succeeded Liaquat Ali Khan as Pakistan’s second Prime Minister and served from October 17, 1951, to April 17, 1953. During his tenure, Pakistan faced political and administrative challenges, including the implementation of Islamic principles in the state and tensions in East Pakistan (now Bangladesh). His government was eventually dismissed by Governor-General Ghulam Muhammad, leading to political instability.
Muhammad Ali Bogra (1953-1955) | 3rd Prime Minister of Pakistan
Muhammad Ali Bogra became Pakistan’s third Prime Minister and served from April 17, 1953, to August 12, 1955. His tenure marked the adoption of the Bogra Formula, which aimed to address the issues related to representation and power distribution between East and West Pakistan. He also played a significant role in the drafting of the 1956 Constitution of Pakistan. However, his government faced political challenges and eventually gave way to another government as the political landscape continued to evolve.
Chaudhry Muhammad Ali (1955-1956)
Chaudhry Muhammad Ali served as Pakistan’s fourth Prime Minister from August 12, 1955, to September 12, 1956. His tenure was crucial during the early years of Pakistan, as the country was transitioning to a republic and drafting its first constitution.
During his time in office, Chaudhry Muhammad Ali played a significant role in the framing of the 1956 Constitution of Pakistan, which formally established Pakistan as an Islamic republic. This constitution also laid the foundation for Pakistan’s parliamentary system of government and defined the roles and responsibilities of various state institutions.
Chaudhry Muhammad Ali’s government had to grapple with various challenges, including the integration of the provinces into a single entity and managing the complex relationships between East and West Pakistan. His term as Prime Minister was relatively short, but his contributions to Pakistan’s constitutional development were significant in shaping the country’s political framework.
Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy (1956-1957) | 5th Prime Minister of Pakistan
Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy served as Pakistan’s fifth Prime Minister from September 12, 1956, to October 18, 1957. He was a prominent political figure in Pakistan and played a key role in the early years of the country’s history.
During his tenure as Prime Minister, one of the notable events was the adoption of the first constitution of Pakistan in 1956, which formally established Pakistan as an Islamic Republic. Suhrawardy’s government worked on various economic and political issues facing the nation, including addressing the challenges of regional disparities and the distribution of resources between East and West Pakistan.
Suhrawardy was known for his efforts to improve relations with neighboring countries, including India, and he played a role in the Suez Crisis negotiations. However, his government faced internal political challenges, and he resigned as Prime Minister in 1957.
Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy’s brief term as Prime Minister left an impact on Pakistan’s political landscape, particularly in the context of constitutional development and efforts to address regional disparities within the country.
Ibrahim Ismail Chundrigar (1957)
Ibrahim Ismail Chundrigar served as Pakistan’s sixth Prime Minister for a very brief period in 1957. He took office on October 18, 1957, and his tenure lasted only until December 16, 1957, making it one of the shortest in Pakistan’s history.
Chundrigar’s term as Prime Minister was marked by political instability and challenges within the ruling party. His government faced difficulties in maintaining cohesion among party members and lacked the necessary parliamentary support to effectively govern the country.
Due to these challenges and a lack of confidence in his administration, Chundrigar resigned after just two months in office, leading to further political instability in Pakistan. His short-lived premiership is often cited as an example of the early political turbulence that the country experienced during its formative years.
Sir Feroz Khan Noon (1957-1958) | 7th Prime Minister of Pakistan
Sir Feroz Khan Noon served as Pakistan’s seventh Prime Minister from December 16, 1957, to October 7, 1958. He was a prominent political figure in Pakistan and played a noteworthy role in the country’s political landscape during a challenging period.
Noon’s tenure as Prime Minister coincided with a period of political instability and economic difficulties in Pakistan. His government faced challenges related to economic stabilization, regional disparities, and internal political divisions. Additionally, during his term, Pakistan saw tensions with neighboring India, particularly over the Kashmir issue.
Noon’s government also had to deal with issues related to the administrative setup of the country and attempts to address regional imbalances in development and resource distribution. His tenure ended in October 1958 when President Iskander Mirza, with the support of the military, imposed martial law and dismissed the civilian government, marking the beginning of a period of military rule in Pakistan.
Sir Feroz Khan Noon’s time as Prime Minister was a challenging one, marked by political turbulence and economic difficulties, ultimately leading to the end of civilian rule in Pakistan in 1958.
General Ayub Khan (1958-1962)
General Ayub Khan was a military officer who assumed power in Pakistan through a coup in 1958, effectively ending the era of civilian rule. He served as Pakistan’s President, rather than Prime Minister, during this period. Ayub Khan’s rule as President extended from October 27, 1958, to March 25, 1969.
Upon taking power, Ayub Khan established a military regime and suspended the constitution, effectively governing by martial law. During his tenure, he implemented various economic and administrative reforms, which were collectively known as the “Ayubian Reforms.” These reforms aimed to modernize Pakistan’s economy, improve infrastructure, and promote industrialization.
Ayub Khan’s government also initiated the construction of major infrastructure projects, including the Indus Basin irrigation system and the Mangla Dam. However, his rule was characterized by political repression and limited civil liberties, as political parties were banned, and opposition voices were silenced.
In 1962, Ayub Khan introduced a new constitution that transformed Pakistan into a presidential republic, concentrating power in the presidency. He was elected as Pakistan’s first President under this new constitution.
Ayub Khan’s presidency faced increasing dissatisfaction and political unrest in East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) due to economic disparities and perceived discrimination. This discontent eventually led to a conflict and contributed to the separation of East Pakistan from West Pakistan in 1971, resulted in the creation of Bangladesh.
In March 1969, Ayub Khan faced widespread protests and opposition, particularly from students and political parties. He eventually stepped down from the presidency, leading to the end of his rule and the transition to civilian governance under President Yahya Khan. Ayub Khan’s presidency marked a significant period in Pakistan’s history, characterized by both economic development and political repression.
Field Marshal Muhammad Ayub Khan (1962-1969) – As President after the imposition of martial law in 1962, Ayub Khan was also the de facto Prime Minister during this period.
Nurul Amin (1971)
Nurul Amin served as Pakistan’s Prime Minister for a brief period in 1971 during a tumultuous time in the country’s history. He held the position of Prime Minister from December 7, 1971, to December 20, 1971, for just 13 days.
Nurul Amin’s short tenure as Prime Minister came during a critical period in Pakistan’s history. In December 1971, the Bangladesh Liberation War concluded with the surrender of Pakistani forces in Dhaka (now the capital of Bangladesh), leading to the creation of Bangladesh as an independent nation. This war marked the end of Pakistan’s control over East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) and resulted in a significant loss for Pakistan.
Nurul Amin’s appointment as Prime Minister was largely symbolic, as Pakistan was in a state of crisis and disintegration following the events of 1971. His government had little power or influence, and he was unable to prevent the breakup of Pakistan. On December 20, 1971, he resigned as Prime Minister, and his resignation effectively marked the end of Pakistan’s attempts to maintain control over East Pakistan.
The events of 1971 and the loss of East Pakistan had profound and lasting consequences for Pakistan’s history and politics. It led to significant changes in the country’s political landscape, including the eventual return to civilian rule and the rewriting of the constitution.
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto (1973-1977) | Prime Minister of Pakistan
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto was a prominent Pakistani politician who served as the Prime Minister of Pakistan from 1973 to 1977. He played a significant role in shaping Pakistan’s political landscape during the 1970s.
Bhutto was the originator of the Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) and came to power following the 1970 general elections, which marked the first time Pakistan held nationwide democratic elections. His party won a majority of seats in West Pakistan (present-day Pakistan), and he became the country’s first civilian Chief Martial Law Administrator. In 1973, Bhutto was elected as the Prime Minister under the newly adopted 1973 Constitution, which restored civilian rule in Pakistan.
During his tenure, Bhutto initiated a series of reforms and policies, including the nationalization of key industries and banks, land reforms, and the pursuit of a nuclear weapons program. He also introduced pro-poor and socialist-oriented policies, aiming to reduce economic disparities in the country.
However, Bhutto’s government faced challenges, including political opposition and accusations of authoritarianism. Tensions with various opposition parties, particularly in Punjab province, grew over time.
Bhutto’s rule came to an end in 1977 when widespread allegations of electoral fraud and political unrest led to a military coup led by General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq. Bhutto was subsequently arrested and later sentenced to death by hanging in a controversial trial. His execution in April 1979 marked a tragic and contentious chapter in Pakistan’s political history.
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto’s legacy remains significant in Pakistan’s history. He is remembered for his role in establishing democratic governance, initiating social and economic reforms, and his tragic demise, which continues to be a subject of debate and controversy in Pakistan’s political discourse.
General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq (1977-1985) | Prime Minister of Pakistan
As Chief Martial Law Administrator and President, he was the de facto Prime Minister during this period.
General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq was the Chief Martial Law Administrator and later the President of Pakistan from 1977 until his death in 1988. He came to power through a military coup on July 5, 1977, overthrowing the civilian government of Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto.
Zia-ul-Haq’s regime was characterized by authoritarian rule and the suspension of democratic institutions. After taking power, he imposed martial law, dissolved the National Assembly, and dismissed the provincial governments. He justified the coup by citing alleged election fraud during the 1977 general elections that had brought Bhutto to power.
During his tenure, Zia-ul-Haq implemented a policy of Islamization, which involved introducing Islamic laws and principles into various aspects of Pakistani society and governance. The most notable of these policies was the introduction of the Hudood Ordinances and the establishment of Sharia courts, which had a significant impact on Pakistan’s legal and judicial system.
Zia-ul-Haq’s regime also strengthened Pakistan’s ties with the United States and received substantial military and economic assistance, particularly during the Soviet-Afghan War (1979-1989). Pakistan played a pivotal role in supporting Afghan mujahideen fighters against the Soviet Union.
Tragically, Zia-ul-Haq’s rule came to an end in 1988 in a mysterious plane crash. His death marked the end of a tumultuous period in Pakistan’s history. After his demise, Pakistan gradually transitioned back to civilian rule, but his legacy and policies continued to influence the country’s politics and society for years to come.
Muhammad Khan Junejo (1985-1988)
Muhammad Khan Junejo served as Pakistan’s Prime Minister from March 23, 1985, to May 29, 1988. His tenure as Prime Minister was significant as it marked a return to civilian rule in Pakistan after years of military dictatorship under General Zia-ul-Haq.
Junejo was a member of the Pakistan Muslim League (PML). He was appointed as Prime Minister by President Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, who had promised a return to civilian rule through a process known as the “controlled democracy.”
During his time as Prime Minister, Junejo worked to restore democratic institutions and civilian governance. He sought to implement policies aimed at improving the economy, reducing poverty, and addressing issues related to governance and civil liberties. However, his government faced significant challenges and limitations.
One of the notable events during Junejo’s tenure was the April 10, 1986, Accord between him and the leader of the Mohajir Qaumi Movement (MQM), Altaf Hussain. This accord aimed to address the concerns of the Mohajir community in Karachi and other urban areas of Sindh.
Despite his efforts to promote democracy and address pressing issues, tensions between Junejo and President Zia-ul-Haq grew over time. The two leaders had differences over various matters, including the role of the President and the Prime Minister in the government. This ultimately led to Junejo’s dismissal as Prime Minister by President Zia-ul-Haq on May 29, 1988.
Junejo’s removal from office marked a period of political turmoil in Pakistan. Tragically, President Zia-ul-Haq died in a plane crash later that year, in August 1988. These events paved the way for the restoration of democratic governance in Pakistan, with general elections held in November 1988. Muhammad Khan Junejo’s time as Prime Minister played a crucial role in the transition from military rule to civilian democracy in Pakistan.
Benazir Bhutto (1988-1990) | Prime Minister of Pakistan
Benazir Bhutto, the daughter of late Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, became Pakistan’s first woman Prime Minister and the youngest person to hold the office in Pakistan’s history. She served two non-consecutive terms as Prime Minister.
First Term (1988-1990):
Benazir Bhutto’s first term as Prime Minister began after the general elections held in November 1988. Her Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) emerged as the largest party in the National Assembly, and she assumed office on December 2, 1988. During her first term, Bhutto focused on implementing social and economic reforms, addressing issues related to poverty and healthcare, and strengthening Pakistan’s ties with Western countries. However, her government faced numerous challenges, including opposition from political rivals and allegations of corruption.
Bhutto’s first term was with political turmoil and tensions with the President, Ghulam Ishaq Khan, which eventually led to her dismissal in August 1990. The President dissolved the National Assembly, citing corruption and mismanagement.
Second Term (1993-1996):
Benazir Bhutto’s second term as Prime Minister began after the general elections held in October 1993. Once again, her PPP emerged as the largest party in the National Assembly, and she took oath as Prime Minister on October 19, 1993. During her second term, Bhutto continued working on social and economic reforms, including addressing education and healthcare issues. However, her government faced similar challenges, including political opposition and allegations of corruption.
Bhutto’s second term ended in November 1996 when President Farooq Leghari dismissed her government, citing corruption and mismanagement. Her dismissal marked the end of her second term as Prime Minister.
Benazir Bhutto’s tenure as Prime Minister was marked by her historic election as the first female leader of a Muslim-majority country. Also, her efforts to address various social and economic issues in Pakistan. However, her time in office was also marred by political controversies and challenges. She remained a significant figure in Pakistani politics until her tragic assassination in December 2007.
Ghulam Mustafa Jatoi (1990)
Ghulam Mustafa Jatoi served as Pakistan’s caretaker Prime Minister for a brief period in 1990. His tenure as Prime Minister was short and transitional, lasting from August 6, 1990, to November 6, 1990.
Ghulam Mustafa Jatoi assumed the position of Prime Minister following the dismissal of Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto’s government by President Ghulam Ishaq Khan in August 1990. His appointment was part of the interim arrangement leading up to the general elections held later that year.
Jatoi’s role as a caretaker Prime Minister was primarily to oversee the functioning of the government until the general elections took place. He did not have a full-term government or the authority to enact significant policy changes during his brief tenure.
The 1990 general elections resulted in the victory of the Islami Jamhoori Ittehad (IJI) coalition, and Nawaz Sharif became the Prime Minister, succeeding Ghulam Mustafa Jatoi.
Nawaz Sharif (1990-1993) | Prime Minister of Pakistan
Nawaz Sharif served as Pakistan’s Prime Minister for his first term from 1990 to 1993. This marked the beginning of his political career as the head of government, although he had previously held the position of Chief Minister of Punjab Province.
Here are some key highlights of Nawaz Sharif’s first term as Prime Minister:
Election and Economic Reforms: Nawaz Sharif’s Pakistan Muslim League (PML-N) won the general elections held in November 1990, and he assumed office as Prime Minister on November 6, 1990. During his first term, Sharif’s government implemented economic reforms, including sales of state-owned enterprises and liberalization of the economy. These reforms aimed to stimulate economic growth and reduce government intervention in business.
Constitutional Crisis: Nawaz Sharif’s first term started with a confrontation with the President, Ghulam Ishaq Khan. This tension culminated in the dissolution of the National Assembly and the dismissal of Sharif’s government in April 1993 by President Khan. The President cited allegations of corruption and mismanagement as reasons for the dismissal.
Resignation and Restoration: Following his dismissal, Nawaz Sharif led protests and a political movement against the President’s decision. Eventually, the Supreme Court of Pakistan ruled in favor of Sharif, declaring the dissolution of the National Assembly and the dismissal of his government unconstitutional. As a result, Nawaz Sharif regained power as Prime Minister in May 1993.
Balochistan Conflict: During Sharif’s first term, Pakistan faced a significant insurgency in the province of Balochistan. The conflict revolved around issues of autonomy, resource distribution, and political representation. His government attempted to address these issues through negotiations and political means.
Nawaz Sharif’s first term as Prime Minister marked by both economic reforms and political turmoil. This includes his temporary removal from office and subsequent restoration. His political career continued, and he went on to serve multiple terms as Prime Minister of Pakistan in the following years.
Balakh Sher Mazari (1993)
Balakh Sher Mazari served as the Prime Minister of Pakistan for a brief period in 1993. His tenure as Prime Minister was part of a transitional phase in Pakistan’s politics during that year.
Balakh Sher Mazari, a veteran politician, assumed office as Prime Minister on May 19, 1993, following the dismissal of the government of Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif. Nawaz Sharif’s government removed in April 1993 by President Ghulam Ishaq Khan, which led to a period of political uncertainty and a power vacuum.
Mazari’s appointment as Prime Minister was part of an interim arrangement. It was to oversee the functioning of the government until new general elections. His government was a caretaker government, and its primary role was to facilitate the transition to a new elected government.
The general elections held in October 1993 resulted in the victory of the Pakistan People’s Party (PPP), and Benazir Bhutto returned to power as Prime Minister. Consequently, Balakh Sher Mazari’s tenure as Prime Minister ended after a relatively short period.
Balakh Sher Mazari’s role as Prime Minister was to overseeing the transition of power. The period between the dismissal of the previous government and the formation of a new elected government.
Nawaz Sharif (1993-1996) | Prime Minister of Pakistan
Nawaz Sharif took oath as the Prime Minister of Pakistan for his second term from 1993 to 1996. His second term in office followed the general elections held in October 1993, during which his Pakistan Muslim League (PML-N) emerged as the largest party, securing a majority in the National Assembly.
Here are some key highlights of Nawaz Sharif’s second term as Prime Minister:
Economic Reforms: During his second term, Nawaz Sharif continued to focus on economic reforms. His government pursued privatization of state-owned enterprises, deregulation, and liberalization of the economy, aiming to boost economic growth and reduce government intervention in business.
Infrastructure Development: Sharif’s government initiated several infrastructure projects. It includues the construction of motorways and highways. It was an important step to improve transportation and connectivity in Pakistan.
Tensions with the Judiciary: Sharif’s second term was in tensions with the judiciary, particularly the Supreme Court of Pakistan. These tensions stemmed from various issues, including allegations of corruption and the appointment of judges.
Conflict in Kashmir: The conflict in the disputed region of Kashmir continued to be a significant issue during Sharif’s second term. There were high tensions between India and Pakistan over the Kashmir dispute, leading to the Kargil conflict in 1999 (after Sharif’s second term).
Dismissal and Return: In 1996, Nawaz Sharif’s government removed by President Farooq Leghari on charges of corruption and mismanagement. Sharif briefly went into exile but returned to Pakistan in 1997 to resume his political career.
Nawaz Sharif’s second term as Prime Minister started economic reforms and infrastructure development. However, but also filled by political tensions and conflicts with the judiciary. His political career continued after his second term, and he served two more terms as Prime Minister of Pakistan in the years that followed.
Miraj Khalid (1996-1997)
Miraj Khalid served as the Prime Minister of Pakistan for a short period from November 1996 to February 1997. His tenure as Prime Minister was relatively brief and took place during a transitional period in Pakistan’s political history.
Miraj Khalid was a senior politician and a member of the Pakistan Muslim League (Nawaz Group) faction (PML-N), which Nawaz Sharif led. He took oth as Prime Minister following the resignation of Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto in November 1996.
During his brief time in office, Miraj Khalid presided over a caretaker government and focused on overseeing the country’s affairs until new general elections. His government did not have an extensive policy agenda or make significant legislative changes during this transitional period.
The general elections tokk place in February 1997, and Nawaz Sharif’s PML-N emerged as the victor. As a result, Miraj Khalid’s tenure as Prime Minister came to an end, and Nawaz Sharif returned to power as Prime Minister.
Miraj Khalid’s role as Prime Minister was primarily to facilitate the transition between the resignation of Benazir Bhutto’s government and the formation of a new elected government. His time in office was brief and was part of a larger political process leading to the return of Nawaz Sharif to the position of Prime Minister.
Nawaz Sharif (1997-1999) | Prime Minister of Pakistan
Nawaz Sharif became the Prime Minister of Pakistan for his third term from February 17, 1997, to October 12, 1999. His third term followed the general elections held in February 1997, during which his party, the Pakistan Muslim League (PML-N), secured a decisive victory, winning a significant majority in the National Assembly.
Here are some key highlights of Nawaz Sharif’s third term as Prime Minister:
Economic Development: During his third term, Nawaz Sharif continued to focus on economic development and liberalization. His government introduced various economic reforms, including privatization of state-owned enterprises, tax reforms, and measures to attract foreign investment.
Nuclear Tests: In May 1998, Pakistan conducted a series of nuclear tests in response to similar tests by India. These tests marked a significant development in the region’s security dynamics and highlighted Pakistan’s nuclear capabilities.
Kargil Conflict: The Kargil conflict with India occurred during Sharif’s third term. In 1999, Pakistani forces infiltrated the Kargil region in Indian-administered Jammu and Kashmir. The conflict escalated tensions between India and Pakistan and threatened to lead to a full-scale war. International pressure and diplomatic efforts ultimately led to a ceasefire and the withdrawal of Pakistani forces.
Dismissal and Exile: Nawaz Sharif’s third term came to an abrupt end in October 1999. He was ousted from power by a military coup led by General Pervez Musharraf. Sharent to jail and later went into exile in Saudi Arabia. His removal from office marked the beginning of a period of military rule in Pakistan.
Nawaz Sharif’s third term government also faced significant political challenges and tensions with the military, ultimately leading to his removal from office in a coup. Sharif remained in exile for several years before returning to Pakistan in 2007 to resume his political career.
Zafarullah Khan Jamali (2002-2004)
Zafarullah Khan Jamali started as the Prime Minister of Pakistan from November 21, 2002, to June 26, 2004. He was the first Prime Minister of Pakistan under the presidency of General Pervez Musharraf, who came to power in a military coup in 1999.
Zafarullah Khan Jamali was a member of the Pakistan Muslim League (Quaid-e-Azam Group), a faction of the Pakistan Muslim League. His appointment as Prime Minister was part of the power-sharing arrangement between the military regime and various political parties in the run-up to the 2002 general elections.
During his tenure as Prime Minister, Jamali’s government focused on various issues, including governance and economic reforms. However, his time in office was with political challenges and tensions with the military establishment.
One significant event during Jamali’s tenure was the decision to remove General Pervez Musharraf from his position as Chief of Army Staff, which resulted in Musharraf resigning from his military post in 2003 while remaining as President.
Zafarullah Khan Jamali resigned from his position as Prime Minister in June 2004, citing health reasons and political pressure. His resignation marked the end of his term as Prime Minister.
Jamali’s tenure as Prime Minister was a part of Pakistan’s political landscape during a period of transition and political maneuvering, with the military maintaining significant influence over the government.
Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain (2004-2004) | Prime Minister of Pakistan
Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain got the chance to serve as the Prime Minister of Pakistan for a brief period in 2004. His tenure as Prime Minister was interim and transitional in nature.
Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain, a senior politician and a member of the Pakistan Muslim League (Q) faction (PML-Q), appointed Prime Minister following Zafarullah Khan Jamali’s resignation in June 2004. His appointment was part of a political arrangement to facilitate the transition to a new Prime Minister.
Hussain’s role as Prime Minister was limited to overseeing the government’s affairs until a more permanent replacement could be found. His government did not introduce any significant policy changes or reforms during his brief tenure.
Shortly after Hussain assumed office, Shaukat Aziz was appointed as the new Prime Minister. Aziz’s appointment marked the beginning of a more extended and substantive tenure as Prime Minister, during which he implemented economic reforms and policies.
Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain’s time as Prime Minister was transitional and temporary, with his primary responsibility being the smooth transition of power from the outgoing government to the incoming leadership.
Shaukat Aziz (2004-2007)
Shaukat Aziz served as the Prime Minister of Pakistan since August 28, 2004, to November 15, 2007. He was a prominent economist and banker who held key positions in international financial institutions before entering Pakistani politics.
Here are some key highlights of Shaukat Aziz’s tenure as Prime Minister:
Economic Reforms: Shaukat Aziz’s government continued to pursue economic liberalization and structural reforms initiated during the previous governments. His tenure was marked by a focus on economic growth and development, with an emphasis on attracting foreign investment and privatizing state-owned enterprises. Pakistan experienced robust economic growth during this period, with improvements in various economic indicators.
Infrastructure Development: Aziz’s government initiated and oversaw several major infrastructure development projects, including the construction of highways and roads, telecommunications expansion, and the development of the banking and financial sectors.
Relations with the United States: During his time as Prime Minister, Pakistan was a key ally in the U.S.A-led war on terror following the September 11, 2001, attacks. Aziz’s government cooperated with the United States in the fight against terrorism, and Pakistan received substantial financial assistance from the U.S. government.
General Elections: General elections took place in Pakistan in 2002 during Aziz’s tenure as Prime Minister. These elections resulted in a victory for the Pakistan Muslim League (Q) faction. This party was aligned with President Pervez Musharraf. Aziz’s government worked closely with President Musharraf during this period.
Resignation: Shaukat Aziz resigned from the position of Prime Minister in November 2007, shortly before the completion of his term. His resignation came as a result of the political turmoil and uncertainty in Pakistan during that time, which included the imposition of a state of emergency by President Musharraf.
His resignation marked the end of his term as Prime Minister, and he returned to the private sector after leaving office.007)
Yousaf Raza Gillani (2008-2012) | Prime Minister of Pakistan
Yousaf Raza Gillani served as the Prime Minister of Pakistan from March 25, 2008, to June 19, 2012. He was a prominent figure in Pakistani politics and associated with the Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP).
Here are some key highlights of Yousaf Raza Gillani’s tenure as Prime Minister:
Election and Coalition Government: Gillani was elected as Prime Minister following the general elections held in February 2008. His appointment marked the transition to a civilian government after years of military rule. His party, the PPP, emerged as the largest party in the National Assembly, and he formed a coalition government with other political parties.
Restoration of the Judiciary: One of the significant events during Gillani’s tenure was the restoration of the judiciary. In 2009, under his leadership, the PPP government restored the judiciary that had been dismissed during the previous government’s tenure.
Counterterrorism Efforts: Pakistan faced significant security challenges during Gillani’s term, including terrorism and militancy. The government launched military operations against militants in various parts of the country, particularly in the tribal areas bordering Afghanistan.
Relations with the United States: Gillani’s tenure coincided with a period of complex and evolving relations with the United States, particularly in the context of the war in Afghanistan. Pakistan was a key partner in the U.S.-led efforts in the region. However, the relationship was with full of tensions and occasional disagreements.
Controversies and Disqualifications: Yousaf Raza Gillani faced legal challenges during his tenure. In 2012, he was disqualified as Prime Minister by the Supreme Court of Pakistan. He was responsible in contempt for refusing to write a letter to Swiss authorities as part of a corruption investigation against then-President Asif Ali Zardari. Following his disqualification, Raja Pervez Ashraf succeeded him as Prime Minister.
Yousaf Raza Gillani’s time as Prime Minister was marked by a mix of political, economic, and security challenges. His government worked on various fronts, including efforts to stabilize the country’s political situation, address security concerns, and manage relations with key international partners like the United States.
Raja Pervez Ashraf (2012-2013)
Raja Pervez Ashraf served as the Prime Minister of Pakistan from June 22, 2012, to March 24, 2013. He succeeded Yousaf Raza Gillani as Prime Minister and was a Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) member.
Here are some key highlights of Raja Pervez Ashraf’s tenure as Prime Minister:
Electricity and Energy Crisis: One of the major challenges during Ashraf’s term was Pakistan’s chronic electricity and energy crisis. The country faced severe power shortages and blackouts, which significantly impacted daily life and the economy. His government attempted to address this issue through various measures, including agreements with independent power producers and the launch of energy projects.
Controversies and Legal Challenges: Ashraf’s tenure was full of controversies and legal challenges. He faced allegations of corruption related to rental power projects during his time as Minister for Water and Power. The Supreme Court of Pakistan took suo-motu notice of the case, and Ashraf appeared before the court during his tenure.
General Elections and End of Term: Raja Pervez Ashraf’s term as Prime Minister came to an end when his government completed its tenure in March 2013. General elections took place, and Nawaz Sharif’s Pakistan Muslim League (Nawaz) emerged as the victor. As a result, Nawaz Sharif returned to the position of Prime Minister for his third non-consecutive term.
His government’s response to the energy crisis remained a contentious issue, and the crisis continued to be a significant concern for Pakistan during and after his term.
Nawaz Sharif (2013-2017) | Prime Minister of Pakistan
Nawaz Sharif was made the Prime Minister of Pakistan for his 3rd non-consecutive term from June 5, 2013, to July 28, 2017. His tenure as Prime Minister marked a significant period in Pakistan’s political history, characterized by a range of political, economic, and security challenges.
Here are some key highlights of Nawaz Sharif’s third term as Prime Minister:
Economic Focus: Nawaz Sharif’s government strongly emphasized economic development and infrastructure projects. The government initiated the construction of the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC), a major infrastructure and energy project aimed at connecting Gwadar Port in Pakistan to China’s western regions.
Energy Projects: The government undertook several energy projects to address Pakistan’s ongoing electricity and energy crisis. These projects aimed to increase power generation capacity and reduce load shedding.
Relations with the Military: Sharif’s third term was with tensions and challenges in his relationship with the military establishment. Disagreements and divergent views on various issues, including national security and foreign policy, led to tensions between the civilian government and the military.
Panama Papers Controversy: One of the significant events during Sharif’s third term was the Panama Papers scandal, which involved allegations of corruption and money laundering against him and his family. The scandal led to investigations by the Joint Investigation Team (JIT) and legal proceedings in the Supreme Court of Pakistan.
Disqualification and Resignation: In July 2017, Nawaz Sharif was found guilty and disqualified by the Supreme Court of Pakistan in connection with the Panama Papers case. The court found him ineligible to hold public office, leading to his resignation as Prime Minister. Shahid Khaqan Abbasi succeeded him as Prime Minister.
His disqualification as Prime Minister marked the end of his third term in office.
Shahid Khaqan Abbasi (2017-2018)
Shahid Khaqan Abbasi served as the Prime Minister of Pakistan during August 1, 2017, to May 31, 2018. His tenure as Prime Minister was relatively short, lasting less than a year, and political developments and challenges marked it.
Here are some key highlights of Shahid Khaqan Abbasi’s tenure as Prime Minister:
Succession and Interim Appointment: Shahid Khaqan Abbasi was appointed Prime Minister after Nawaz Sharif’s resignation. Which the Supreme Court of Pakistan disqualified in July 2017 in the Panama Papers case. Abbasi’s appointment was seen as an interim measure to oversee the government’s affairs until the completion of its term and the holding of general elections.
Economic Policies: Abbasi’s government continued to focus on economic policies and initiatives. Efforts were in process to develop further and implement economic projects consist of energy, infrastructure, and transportation.
General Elections: During his tenure, preparations for the 2018 general elections took place. The elections took place on July 25, 2018, and marked a transition to a new elected government.
Relations with the Military: Abbasi’s government had its share of tensions and challenges in its relationship with the military establishment, similar to the dynamics experienced during Nawaz Sharif’s third term as Prime Minister.
Resignation and End of Term: Shahid Khaqan Abbasi’s term as Prime Minister came to an end after the general elections in July 2018. His Pakistan Muslim League (Nawaz) party did not win a majority in the elections, and Imran Khan’s Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) emerged as the largest party. Imran Khan subsequently became the Prime Minister of Pakistan.
Shahid Khaqan Abbasi’s tenure as Prime Minister was a transitional period in Pakistan’s political landscape as the country prepared for general elections and a new government. His role was to oversee the government’s functioning during this period, and he handed over the reins of power to the new government elected in 2018.
Imran Khan (2018-2022) In office 18 August 2018 – 10 April 2022 | 22nd Prime Minister of Pakistan
Imran Khan served as the Prime Minister of Pakistan from August 18, 2018, to April 2022. His tenure marked a significant chapter in Pakistan’s political history. Imran Khan is the founder and chairman of the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) party, and his election as Prime Minister following the general elections held in July 2018.
Here are some key highlights of Imran Khan’s tenure as Prime Minister up until September 2021:
Economic Challenges: Imran Khan’s government faced significant economic challenges, including a balance of payments crisis and high inflation. The government pursued economic reforms and sought financial support from international organizations, including the International Monetary Fund (IMF), to stabilize the economy.
Social Programs: The government launched various social welfare programs, including the Ehsaas Program, aimed at providing financial assistance to low-income families, and the Kamyab Jawan Program, focused on empowering youth through financial support and training.
Relations with the Military: Imran Khan’s relationship with the military establishment played a crucial role during his tenure. His government maintained a cooperative stance with the military, and political observers closely watched this dynamic.
Foreign Policy: The government sought to improve Pakistan’s relations with neighboring countries, including efforts to ease tensions with India and promote regional peace and stability. Pakistan played a role in facilitating peace talks between the United States and the Taliban in Afghanistan.
COVID-19 Pandemic: Imran Khan’s government faced the challenge of managing the COVID-19 pandemic in Pakistan. Measures were adopted to slow down the spread of the virus, and vaccination efforts were launched to curb its impact.
Political Opposition: Imran Khan’s government faced criticism and opposition from various political parties, including allegations of electoral irregularities and concerns about governance and accountability.
Pakistan has had numerous Prime Ministers since its inception, with its political history marked by periods of civilian and military rule and various constitutional changes and challenges. The list of Prime Ministers in Pakistan’s history extends beyond these first three leaders, each contributing to the country’s development and facing their unique set of challenges during their respective tenures.
Shabaz Sharif: 2021-2023 (In office 11 April 2022 – 13 August 2023)
Shahbaz Sharif, the leader of Pakistan’s opposition, was chosen as the 23rd prime minister. People hoped he could help Pakistan overcome its economic and financial problems. Sharif, who used to run businesses and was once the leader of Pakistan’s most crowded Punjab province. He is known for being a capable administrator and an effective leader.
His projects to improve things have made some usual political opponents say good things about him. But some people criticize him for favoring his friends too much. It harms the environment, and being involved in corruption. Sharif always denied these accusations. He climed those are just made for political reasons.
What difficulties or problems does Shahbaz Sharif have to deal with?
Shahbaz Sharif became the leader when Pakistan was having significant money problems, like spending more than it had and owing money to other countries. Pakistan owes over $100 billion and has to pay over $14 billion each year to cover the costs of repaying loans it borrowed from international monetary organizations.
People who like Sharif think that he will easily handle the problems and make the economy better. Uzma Bukhari, who is part of Sharif’s group, feels that Sharif can lower the debts and complete more projects to develop the country. When Sharif was in charge of Punjab for 10 years as the leader, he brought in innovative organizations.
The Safe City project, subway trains, and a system of roads, tall bridges, and tunnels have made Lahore, the central city in Punjab, look very different and much better.
Friendly and Smooth Relations with the Military
Sharif’s big brother, Nawaz Sharif, is known for being against the military and has disagreed with many army leaders. He changed his party from one that supported the military to one that didn’t, wanting it to stick to its official duties as per the constitution.
Unlike his brother Nawaz, Shahbaz is known for having a friendly relationship with Pakistan’s strong military. In Pakistan, the military has often influenced the country’s foreign policy, and some people worry that this influence will grow even more with Sharif as the leader. The military may have more influence, especially when dealing with the United States, Afghanistan, and India.
Allegations of Corruption
Even though Sharif says he hasn’t done any corrupt things, the people who don’t like him say the corruption claims are real. The former Prime Minister, Imran Khan, said sarcastically that a person who is accused of money laundering is becoming the prime minister. Sharif recently avoided being charged in a money laundering case, and they postponed it until April 27. His son, Hamza Sharif, who wants to become the leader of Punjab, is also accused in the same case.
In the legal document given to the court, the FIA says Sharif and his son are the main people suspected of being involved in money laundering. They are accused of using the bank accounts of sugar mills and the workers there for these schemes.
The agency said that the people accused couldn’t show where all the money came from and went for transactions worth billions of rupees. The Sharifs say that their political enemies made up these charges.
Anwarul Haq Kakar | 24th Prime Minister of Pakistan
Who is Anwaar-ul-Haq Kakar?
Anwaar-ul-Haq Kakar became the caretaker Prime Minister of Pakistan on August 14. This happened because Pakistan’s Parliament ended its work three days before its usual five-year term was supposed to finish. The previous PM, Shehbaz Sharif, and the opposition leader, Raja Riaz, decided to choose Senator Kakar as the interim Prime Minister of Pakistan.
The first things Anwaar-ul-Haq Kakar will do as the temporary Prime Minister are picking people for his team and making sure the elections are fair. According to Pakistan’s rules, a fair group of people in charge (caretaker government) takes care of elections. These elections should happen within 90 days after the lower house of the Parliament ends. So, we expect the elections to happen around the start of November.
About Anwaar-ul-Haq Kakar
Kakar is 52 years old and comes from Balochistan, a place in the southwest of Pakistan near Afghanistan. This region has had some troubles in the past. He went to school in Quetta, a city in Pakistan, and then went to London for more education. He came back to Pakistan in 2005.
President Alvi approved for Kakar to become the caretaker Prime Minister, as mentioned by the president’s office. Only a few people, even in politics, know much about Kakar. Someone from the previous ruling group even said that Kakar’s appointment was unbelieveable, and it surprised even those in the government alliance.
According to the Senate’s official website, he has been working as a member of Pakistan’s Senate for six years since 2018. He was a part of the BAP (Balochistan Awami Party), which is thought to have strong ties with the military. On Sunday evening, he said on X (formerly known as Twitter) that because of his important job as the temporary Prime Minister, he’s giving up his membership in the BAP and leaving his position in the Senate.
Imran Khan’s party, PTI, hopes Kakar will ensure the elections are honest, fair, and trustworthy. Shah Mahmood Qureshi, who is now leading Khan’s party, said in a TV interview that if people doubt the fairness of the elections, it could harm the country’s political stability, which is important for economic security.
Why did they dissolve the Pakistan Parliament?
Even though the Parliament was almost finished with its time in office, the decision to close it might have been influenced by ongoing political and economic problems. Just a few days before, Imran Khan was arrested and found guilty of corruption in a case related to Toshkhana. He got a 3-year prison sentence and can’t run in elections for 5 years.
Also, there was a quick approval for a digital census in 2023 by the Council of Interests. This group includes the Pakistan Prime Minister, four chief ministers from different provinces in Pakistan, and three people chosen by the Prime Minister. They have estimated that Pakistan’s population is now 240 million, which is more than the 210 million in the 2017 census.
The rules say they must redraw the voting areas (constituencies) because the population has changed. This process officially takes 120 days, and it might make the election happen later than expected.
Also, starting from July 1, some new laws have allowed the temporary government to make important decisions, not just handle everyday matters. With the support of the Army, the interim Prime Minister might make changes to how things work in Pakistan, both in politics and the economy.
Need Help or Advice in Academic Writing
Need Help or Advice in Content Writing Management:
Would you like more advice? Do you have good practices to share? Please feel free to express yourself in the comments. Also, if you want help in writing content to drive more traffic and boost conversions, please get in touch through Contact our team or send your requirements here.
Do you want help writing quality content, driving traffic to your website, and boosting conversions? You can contact me through my Freelancer.com profile. I always prefer to work through my Freelancer.com profile for smooth functioning. Here, you pay safely and securely.