Green House Effect
Greenhouse Effect & Climate Change
What is Greenhouse?
A Greenhouse contains a proper structure with a roof and walls made up of transparent material like glass which helps plants grow in regulated climatic provisions. There are different shapes and sizes of greenhouse structures ranging from small huts to industrial size large buildings. Cold Frame is another name for a small greenhouse. In cold weather, plants get an ideal temperature as the inside area of the greenhouse is open to sunlight and heat is locked in; therefore, the area becomes warmer than the actual temperature.
Commercial hothouses or glass greenhouses give ultra-modern production options for fruits, flowers, and vegetables. Cooling, screening installations, lighting, and heating are some of the equipment used in glass greenhouses. Humidity, vapor pressure arrears, and air temperature are some techniques to assess optimality degrees. For ideal plant growth, these features are managed by the computer.
Prominent Greenhouse Types
1- Portable Greenhouse
The portable greenhouse allows growing your favorite plants in different climates. Side by side, the portable feature supports moving the greenhouse wherever you like. Before buying a portable greenhouse, you have to consider some points, such as
- Available Space
- Number of plants
- Available budget
- Durability you need
- Heavy or light material
- Easy setup procedure
- Lightweight or wheel support
2- Wooden Greenhouse
Wooden greenhouse can be painted in any color to match the surrounding. Usually, wooden greenhouses are not durable as softwoods like cedar and pine. Mahogany, Accoya, or Teak wood greenhouses are the best to cope with durability issues. These have almost 10 to 20 years of life span.
3- Lean to Greenhouse
For urban gardening, people prefer to build a lean to greenhouse that is joined with the wall or any other structure. It contains three blocks of wood walls and one from another structure.
4- Cold Frame
Sometimes, farmers use low to the ground transparent cold frame to save the plants from weather effects, especially heavy rainfall and cold. The upper top is made up of transparent material to catch the sunlight without any getaway.
5- Palram Greenhouse
Palram greenhouse is the most favorable investment for those who need a reliable compact greenhouse to protect plants in the cold season. Palram greenhouse can survive in harsh weather and are available in different styles and sizes.
What is Greenhouse Effect?
Greenhouse effect is a kind of procedure that works when the gases present in the atmosphere of Earth catch the heat from sunlight. As a result, our planet gets a favorable temperature for life to exist. In the absence of the greenhouse effect, it is impossible to continue life on this planet.
Greenhouse effect is comparable to the greenhouse that is used to provide favorable temperatures for plants to grow even in harsh weather. The quality of a greenhouse is warmer in the winter season because the glass walls catch the heat and make the inside environment warmer than outside around the clock.
The same procedure is followed by the greenhouse effect. There are gases in our atmosphere that catch the heat and increase the temperature. These are known as Greenhouse gases. Water vapors, ozone, nitrous oxide, methane, and carbon dioxide are some of the greenhouse gases that are liable to increase global temperature.
Significance of Greenhouse Effect
If heating is not caused by the greenhouse effect, there would be as low as -18C temperature on Earth. Venus has a great carbon dioxide concentration; therefore, it causes a tremendous greenhouse effect and a rise in temperature as high as 450C.
Impact of Climate Change
Climate change is related to variations in the climate of Earth at global, regional, and local levels. Within the last few decades, the term climate change is to explain the transformations in the climate of Earth caused primarily by human activity, mainly due to fossil fuel burning, elimination of forests, and rapid increase in the concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.
Heat is a type of energy that brings changes whenever it enters a system. It is a fact that every system in the worldwide climate system is working in a systematic way. The maximum portion of Earth is oceans.
Sunlight causes evaporation when the water heats up. More and more water vapors become part of clouds. As a result, energy-intensive storms (typhoons and hurricanes) form. The extreme climate is liable to intensify the hurricanes as the development of hurricanes connections are with sea temperature. Sea level rise shows the way to flooding in islands and coastal towns. Furthermore, a warmer environment leads melting of mountain snow and glaciers, the ice of Antarctica, and the Polar Icecap.
Gulf Stream Collapse
A scientific study has reported that the current system of the Atlantic Ocean is weakening and causing severe changes to the global weather. Gulf Stream collapse climate change thus, the weather pattern is poorly influenced. Sadly, climate change is responsible for causing Gulf Stream collapse because the release of greenhouse gases has increased the atmosphere temperature. Though this collapse will have severe side effects, failure is expected to boost the Northern Hemisphere cooling, rise in Atlantic sea-level rise, and significant fall in rainfall in North America and Europe.
How Global Warming Effect the Earth?
Do you know what global warming is? We are aware of the slow rise in the overall atmosphere temperature of Earth. The amount of energy or heat is increasing day by day as the number of greenhouse gases increases. The atmosphere of Earth is just like a greenhouse that captures heat to make sure that living beings are comfortable. In the absence of an atmospheric greenhouse, the temperature on Earth would be too cold. A greenhouse is comparable to Global warming when the reflective glass is fixed incorrectly. Today, our problem is too much heat in the greenhouse earth. Consequently, the temperature is rising faster than in the earlier period.
The reason behind the rise in Earth’s temperature is the greenhouse effect. Global warming is causing climate crises. When the industries on Earth emit more and more greenhouse gases, these will catch more heat and lead to global warming. It is why, ice caps are dissolving, and Sea level rise is high. These things impact on animal habitation and different species are getting extinct.
Reasons for Global Warming
Most of the emission of greenhouse gases is the result of human activities. Some of the causes of global warming are trash production, fossil fuel burning, and the production of livestock. However, these are some of the frequent human activities that make this Earth less inhabitable. Fluorinated gases such as CFC are not part of greenhouse gases. Our actions generate these. In 2014, IPCC reported the emission of greenhouse gas. According to this report, 65% carbon dioxide is released through fossil fuels, whereas 11% carbon dioxide, 2% fluorinated gases, 6% nitrous oxide are discharged from agriculture and forestry.
Greta Thunberg Environmental Activist
Furthermore, to show the true picture and alertness to the people about climate change and global warming, Greta Thunberg, a Swedish environmental activist, has challenged worldwide leaders to take severe actions against severe climate change. The activism started when Thunberg convinced her parents to choose a lifestyle with low carbon footprints. Even at the age of 15, she used to pass her days outside the parliament just to take action against the causes of global warming.
UNFCC & Climate Change Conference
Environmental crises have serious effects on Earth. Therefore, cop26 arranged a climate change conference in Glasgow. Boris Johnson UK prime minister, as well as the president of Cops 26 asked countries to ban coal use.
UN Climate Change secretariat UNFCC has given the task to support the large-scale response against Climate change.
UNFCC or United Nations Framework Convention to support Climate Change has 197 parties. The convention is working to maintain global temperature and stabilize greenhouse gas concentration. Regardless of United Kingdom’s pledges, major coal consumers (Australia, India & Chine) did not sign the coal phase-out deal. These are the countries producing almost two-thirds of worldwide coal.
What are Environmental Crises?
Basically, the causes of climate change and environmental crises are our planned activities. Our world is facing severe challenges; however, only a few discussions that the degradation of the environment will affect the well-being of human beings.
The effects of climate change are effecting in the form of damaged crops, causing invasive weeds and insects. If these things continue, it is possible that South Asia and Saharan Africa will face severe food shortages. Moreover, global warming will become the reason for infectious diseases like dengue, cholera, and malaria. Too much heat will also cause more respiratory and cardiovascular issues.
Environmental change is the disorder of the environment usually happens by ecological processes and human influences. Moreover, different factors play a role in environmental change and global warming like animal interface, human intrusion, and natural disasters. Environmental change does not only bring physical changes. In fact, it causes the invasion of dangerous species.
Some environmental changes are highly controversial, such as
I- Climate Change
There are social and ecological effects of Climate change, but the severe effects in global temperature, sea level, precipitation patterns, ecosystem function, species distribution, climate zones, and ocean circulation.
II- Depletion of Ozone
Due to halocarbon, the atmosphere is getting polluted, which leads to a reduction of stratospheric ozone. The lack of this layer has become the reason for increasing ultraviolet radiations level on Earth. It is causing severe ecological and health issues.
III- Low Quality of Air
Air pollution has degraded the quality of air worldwide. It is causing cardiovascular illnesses and respiratory diseases. Moreso, some of them have damaged the vegetation as well.
IV- Low Water Quality
Pollutants have degraded the water quality. Terrestrial water is submerging in coastal waters and increases the phosphorus and nitrogen level. Oil spills, mining, industrial processes, plastic accumulation, and organic chemicals are the reasons for severe water degradation. In addition to low-quality water, water scarcity is becoming a major issue. Irrigation practices are also accountable for the shortage of local water sources as well as salinization.
It is evident through climate change that tropical forests are essential for the biosphere and ecosystem. Moreover, human beings have cleared almost half of the matured forests worldwide for pastoralism and agriculture, production of charcoal, and logging of trees for timber. These are essential for saving soil from corrosion, regulating climate, and providing habitat to animal and plant species.
VI- Loss of Biodiversity
The degradation of animal and plants habitat has threatened the extinction of various species. Biodiversity threats are `unlimited to the terrestrial ecosystem. In fact, there is a severe threat to coastal and marine life.
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